Eyal Weizman’s The Least of All Possible Evils is getting much attention at the moment, but his short co-authored book with Thomas Keenan, Mengele’s Skull: The Advent of a Forensic Aesthetics is well worth a read too.
In 1985, the body of Josef Mengele, one of the last Nazi war criminals still at large, was unearthed in Brazil. The ensuing process of identifying the bones in question opened up what can now be seen as a third narrative in war crime investigations—not that of the document or the witness but rather the birth of a forensic approach to understanding war crimes and crimes against humanity.
In the period coinciding with the discovery of Mengele’s skeleton, scientists began to appear in human rights cases as expert witnesses, called to interpret and speak on behalf of things—often bones and human remains. But the aesthetic, political, and ethical complications that emerge with the introduction of the thing in war crimes trials indicate that this innovation is not simply one in which the solid object provides a stable and fixed alternative to human uncertainties, ambiguities, and anxieties.
The complexities associated with testimony—that of the subject—are echoed in the presentation of the object. Human remains are the kind of things from which the trace of the subject cannot be fully removed. Their appearance and presentation in the courts of law and public opinion has in fact blurred something of the distinction between objects and subjects, evidence and testimony.
Also recently available is a short essay – bi-lingual English and German – entitled Forensic Architecture: Notes from Fields and Forums. His Society and Space lecture – also on the Forensic Architecture project – should be available on video soon. I’ll link to it as soon as it’s online.