Gerard Toal reflects on de facto states, airspace and geopolitics, especially in relation to Ukraine.
Given the recent helicopter shoot down in Nagorno Karabakh, and the ongoing fighting over Donetsk airport, I’m posting below some remarks I made at the New School conference last month on the Ukrainian crisis. Point 2 addresses airspace.
On Overlapping Sovereignty & Legitimacy in De Facto States
Gerard Toal, New School, 3 October 2014.
I am going to seek to bridge the theme of ‘narratives of legitimacy’ in the first panel with the question of ‘overlapping sovereignties’ by speaking a little bit about the phenomenon of enduring de facto states. There are three issues I want to raise for our discussion – de facto states, airspaces, and the flattening qualities of an affectively fueled civilizational geopolitical discourse.
- Ukraine and De Facto State Building.
De facto states are usually defined as states that have proclaimed and established de facto sovereignty, for at least two years, over a claimed territorial space…
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